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Aymauytov Zhusipbek

Aymauytov Zhusipbek


Zhusipbek Aymauytov - a multigenre author, a founder of the drama and the novel in the Kazakh language, a scientist, an educator, a teacher, a  psychologist. The author of textbooks A grant for the tutor, Psychology. Aymauytov was born in 1889 in the Bayan-Aul region of the Pavlodar area. Died in 1931. Aymauytov had a difficult destiny: infinite suspicions from the authorities, slanders, persecutions.


Education acquisition was heavy and long, his creative self-expression was also painful. The fate of heritage was tragic and was entirely deleted from history of the Kazakh culture and because of long oblivion was practically gleaned. Fragments of correspondence of Aymauytov with Kopeev remained. Despite vital disorders and, apparently, full utter darkness, Zhusipbek created, created incessantly.


Till age of 15 he was studied by father and the local mullah. Then he himself became the mullah and taught children. When Zhusipbek was 18 he studied one winter at Russian school and two months in Kerekeu (Pavlodar) at state agricultural school from which he was excluded because he revolted with other pupils against school order.


After having worked for two years as a teacher in his aul and having studied at the Russian-Kazakh school in Kerekeu, in 1914 Zhusipbek Aymauytov entered the normal school in Semipalatinsk and graduated from it in 1919. Here he got acquainted with K.Satpayev and M. Auezov. During his education in the school Zhusipbek tried to earn money and didn’t avoid any work: he worked as a chaser, a joiner, a carpenter, a shoemaker, he produced dombras, sang  the songs he composed himself. Zhusipbek wrote verses in the age of 13 and when he was 19-20. For the first time Zhusipbek’s works were published in 1913 in the Kazak newspaper.


In 1916 he wrote the play on the subject of sending of Kazakhs for works in back areas. In 1920 Zhusipbek Aymauytov worked as the head of department of education in Semipalatinsk province, as a newspaper editor in the Kazak tili newspaper, a teacher at (Karkarala's) school, institute (Orenburg, Tashkent) and elementary vocational training school (Shymkent). When in 1929 he moved to Kzyl-Orda for work in the Enbekshi kazak newspaper Zhusipbek was arrested. Aymauytov was accused of conversion of the donations allocated for starving people in Turgay, Kustanai, Aktobe. At that moment he managed to defend his innocence. In April, 1931 Aymauytov was shot. From the first marriage he had two sons.


Aymauytov – is a pioneer in such genres as novel and drama in modern Kazakh literature. However, he began his occupation as a writer from the newspaper (publicism, songs, stories, feuilletons, critical notes). That fact that in 1918 he issued the Abay magazine in cooperation with Auezov is remarkable. Aymauytov is the founder of dramatic art. Being at the beginnings of the Kazakh dramatic art, he was the director of his plays on the Kazakh scene. Aymauytov - the organizer and participant of first theatrical groups.


On December 17, 1917 in Semipalatinsk he put his play Rabiga. One of his outstanding drama works Sherniyaz (1925-1926), devoted to Sultanmakhmut Toraygyrov’s memory, mentions a problem of relationship between city and village. Besides that in Semipalatinsk Aymauytov put performance Birzhan and Sara in which he played the Birzhan’s part. Карткожа (1926) - the fundamental novel written in the Kazakh language. Terror that Kazakh people experienced during civil war, serve as a theme of the novel Akbilek. Through the destiny of the heroine of the novel Aymauytov showed the tragedy of the Kazakh people consisting from its submission, humility, the mildness, crushed by a relentless of course of history and cruel shocks.


Aymauytov's last work Kunekey’s blame (Kunekeydin zhazygy) touches female subject - collision of feeling of dignity with injustice. As a critic Aymauytov published an article Poets after Abay which was published in the Abay magazine. Just as Abay, Zhusipbek by each word made young people to deliberate, to try to self-improve.